A look at just a few of the plethora of Carved Ivory and Tooth, Wood, Bone Singha amulets of the Great LP Derm of Wat Nong Po, to bring the style of the various preferred artisans who carved them, and the appearance of natural aging of amulets which reage the Era of Luang Por Derm. Knowing how to estimate the age and recognise the effects of natural aging on an amulet, this assists in authenticating it for your beliefs. Hence, we present some classic images and comments to increase your ability to differentiate the Carved Singha Amulets of Luang Por Derm, from those of other Masters (which is in any case, a very difficult art).

Singh Sam Khwan – Triple Fortunes Singha Himapant Lion

The Singh Sam Khwan Himapant Lion carved amulet is one of the most highly preferred and revered of his carved amulets, almost equal to Luang Por derm’s famous Mitmor Ivory handle and Bone sheath Exorcist Knives, which hold world master class status.

Below we see a classic Hand Carved Ivory Singha Lion in Heart Shape Frame, which is one of the various forms known by devotees, and is featured in encyclopaedic works of the pantheon of amulets of this Master

Below; Singh Sam Khwan Pim Roop Hua Jai Nuea Gna Gae carved ivory heart-shape model, highly preferred and extremely rare

Hand Carved Ivory Singha Lion in Heart Shape Frame - LP Derm Puttasaro Wat Nong Po

Hand Carved Ivory Singha Lion in Heart Shape Frame – LP Derm Puttasaro Wat Nong Po

Luang Por Derm’s Carved Ivory, Boar Tusk Tiger Teeth and wooden hand made antique amulets, are amongst the most highly desired and collected items. The Wicha of Luang Por Derm is continued to this day through his Looksit of the various Master Lineages.

Below; Singh Sam Khwan amulets in Oval, ‘Pim Roop Hua Jai’ Heart shape, and in Loi Ongk statuette forms. The Singh Sam Khwan was also made with different kinds of mouths, such as the Pak Nok Gaew ‘parrot beak’ version.

Singha Ivory Amulets of Luang Por Derm

Singha Carved Ivory, Tooth and Bone Amulets of Luang Por Derm

His carved ivory, and wooden amulets are vary rare items, and highly individual in appearance, for they were made by individual Artisans who were Initiated and had received the Wicha, and ‘Korb Kroo’ Ritual Empowerment as permission from Luang Por Derm himself.

Close Ups of Ivory of the Singh Sam Khwan Pim Roop Hua Jai

Close Ups of Ivory of the Singh Sam Khwan Pim Roop Hua Jai

Only such Lineage Master Initiates were allowed to perform carving or knife forging for Luang Por Derm, and even to this day after his passing, all the Posthumous Editions of amulets which derive from Masters who are Initiates of Luang Por Derm, must use only amulets and Artisanry which has been made by an Initiated Artisan.

Singh Sam Khwan LP Derm Nuea Graduk

Luang Por Derm is considered one of the greatest masters for Powerful Amulets was famous for many amulets, but the Singh Sam Khwan, Mitmor, and Rachasri Lion amulets, along with his Nang Kwak, Roop Lor statuettes, have become synonimous with his name.

Singh Sam Khwan in varous materials, such as wood and ivory

Singh Sam Khwan in varous materials, such as wood and ivory


Luang Por Derm Puttasaro made carved Singha Lions and other amulets in a variety of forms, as well as a host of other types of Sacred Amulets and Talismanic Charms, be they Pha Yant (both hand inscribed and sil screened), Hand carved, and cast metal Loi Ongk mini statuettes, Photographs, Takrut, and sacred powder amulets.

Nang Kwak Luang Por Derm

LP Derm also made many types of Nang Kwak Carved amulets, in various forms, which is typical of how artisans make use of the size and shape of each piece of ivory, wood, or bone or other substance they have to work with, and extract the most artistic form possible with the given shape.

Nang Kwak Hlang Pra Pid Ta Carved Amulet of LP Derm, with Nang Kwak on one side, and Pra Pid Ta on the other side

Nang Kwak Hlang Pra Pid Ta Carved Amulet of LP Derm, with Nang Kwak on one side, and Pra Pid Ta on the other side

The Nang Kwak can be seen in a large variety of forms indeed, some of them featuring animals on the bases of the amulets, which was also done with Buddha Images (Pra Prajam Wan Birthday Buddhas)

Tiger Pidta Singha Hanuman 4 in One carved ivory votive tablet

Tiger Pidta Singha Hanuman 4 in One carved ivory votive tablet

Nang Kwak Nang Ko (riding an oxen), by LP Derm - recommended for those born in the year of the Ox

Nang Kwak Nang Ko (riding an oxen), by LP Derm – recommended for those born in the year of the Ox

The Nang Kwak is seen as a ‘Pim Gleeb Bua’ Lotus Petal shape, found in various materials ranging from sacred powders, to carved ivory.

Nang Kwak LP Derm Pim Gleeb Bua carved Lotus Petal shapd ivory amulet

Nang Kwak LP Derm Pim Gleeb Bua carved Lotus Petal shapd ivory amulet

As with the Singh Sam Khwan, the Nang Kwak was also sometimes (rare) made in the form of a heart shape.

The Nang Kwak was walso found as a Roop Lor and Rian Lor metallic amulet from LP Derm.

Some of the rarer individual hand carved amulets which are not found documented are also noteworthy, for those whose interest is to catalogue and recognize the inimitable carvings of the chosen looksit initiate artisans of Luang Por Derm Puttasaro, of Wat Nong Po.

Below; a very rare carved Pra Pid Ta Buddha Loi Ongk carved from Ivory, the Patina reveals its age and natural accumulation of character, as the passage of time increases the beauty of the ivory

Pid Ta Nga Gae Carved Ivory Nirodha Buddha by LP Derm

Pid Ta Nga Gae Carved Ivory Nirodha Buddha by LP Derm


Wua Tanu Wat Khoeng Khaw 2518 BE

Presenting you with a very rare chance to see this powerful and popular animist charm from the year 2518 BE, released at Wat Khoeng Khaw in Chiang Mai, with blessings from a Host of Great Master Monks including the Great Luang Por Ruesi Ling Dam, of Wat Ta Sung, in Utai Thani, and Luang Phu Kam Saen.

The legend of the sacred Wua Tanu of the temple of Wat Khoeng Khaw, Comes from the fact that Luang Phu Kam Saen of Wat Sri Don Moon, and Luang Phu Bun Rat of Wat Khoeng Khaw were very close friends, and in the year 2518 BE, at Wat Pha Don Moon, LP Kam Saen bestowed the Dtamra Grimoire Secret Methods of the Wicha Wua Tanu upon Luang Por Rat, as well as demonstrating the methods of making the sacred chanuan muan sarn materials and the magical methods of forging and casting the images with alchemical metallurgy.

Wua Tanu Wat Khoeng Khaw 2518 BE Blessed by LP Ruesi Ling Dam and KB Kam Saen

Wua Tanu Wat Khoeng Khaw 2518 BE Blessed by LP Ruesi Ling Dam and KB Kam Saen

 

LP Kam Saen was very old already, and was afraid to die without passing on the secrets of the Wicha, which would be a loss to the world, and become one more lost Wicha that has not been preserved.

In this case of the first demonstration, he showed him the method used by those who did not have access to metallic forges, and so constructed and empowered a Wua Tanu effigy using Mai Hwaay Pha Seek, which is a magical form of Rattan wood, which are split into strips and used to weave the form of the effigy.

Wua Tanu 2518 BE Wat Khoeng Khaw

 

He carved it and shaped it into the form of the Wua Tanu and completed the invocations, inscriptions and incantations necessary, and handed it to Luang Phu Bun Rat. Luang Phu Kroo Ba Rat later also received the Wicha Wua Tanu of the Great Kroo Ba Chum of Wat Wang Mui, which Luang Phu Bun Rat said resembled the Wicha of Luang Phu Kroo Ba Kam Saen in every detail.

Luang Phu Bun Rat thus began to make Wua Tanu amulets using the Wicha given from the Dtamra of both these two Great Lanna Masters. Luang Phu Bun Rat took all of his Wua Tanu to give to Kroo Ba Kam Saen at Wat Pha Don Moon, for him to perform solo empowerment. After this empowerment session was performed, Kroo Ba Kam Saen told Luang Phu Bun Rat that he should not distribute the Wua Tanu yet, and should keep them first for a time, because in the future, a time will come when many people will come to seek the Wua Tanu. So for this reason, Luang Phu Bun Rat kept the Wua Tanu in his keeping, but took them to a number of other Kroo Ba Ajarn for solo empowerment from each Master, including Luang Phu Kroo Ba Chum of Wat Wang Mui, LP Kam Saen of Wat Suan Dork, Luang Phu Kroo Ba Dhamma Chai of Wat Tung Luang, Kroo Ba Chaya Wongsa of Wat Pra Puttabat Huay Dtom.

He even took them down to Bangkok to ask Luang Phu Seng of Wat Kanlayanamit (The Master of the Dtamnan Bam Montr Bua Ban Flowering Lotus Holy Water Wicha), for him to perform empowerment over the Wua Tanu.

Above and beyond these events, the Great Luang Por Ruesi Ling Dam took these amulets and blessed them in a large number of Buddha Abhiseka blessing ceremonies around Thailand, because he would travel to Wat Khoeng Khaw every year for the Kathina robe giving ceremonies, and so would take them back and forth each time he visited.

 

The amulet is most often presented in Thai amulet circles as being the Wua Tanu of LP Ruesi Ling Dam, but is in fact the Wua Tanu of Wat Khoeng Khaw, which has the blessings and empowerment of so many great Masters of the time, that the amulet has become a popular member of the pantheon of all of the monks and temple involved with its empowerment.

 

Devotees of any or all of these Masters can safely regard the amulet as being in direct spiritual connection with their chosen Master, as well as being sure that this Wua Tanu must have immense magical power to protect your household and wealth, and fend off black magic, demons and ghosts, and bring prosperity and good fortune, and happiness to your family household and prosperity to your business.

Kata Wua Tanu

How to use Wua Tanu

You can use Wua Tanu to watch over your house,or mark a safe area around the house, or any place where there is strong Magic. To do this, you need four Wua Tanu, and a bowl of pure water in a Khan Nam Montr vessel.

Then take the Wua Tanu and place them in the Khan Nam Montr (prayer water bowl). Then focus your mind into meditation, and think of the Buddha Dhamma and Sangha, the Deities and Kroo Ba Ajarn, and Ajarn Somrach, and empower the prayer water by chanting the Kata into it and projecting your thoughts into the water as you blow three times into the bowl.

Take the four Wua Tanu, and bury them in the Earth in the four Cardinal directions. If it is a house, that has no earth to be able to dig, then the Wua Tanu should be placed in the four outer corners of the house,and the prayer water should be sprinkled around the area to be protected. If you have a Kuman Tong or other forms of Phuudt or Prai which you make Bucha offerings to in the house, then you must tell the Wua Tanu by stating who is allowed to enter and leave the protected area and who not.

It is a good idea to also state that any ghosts or beings that are benevolent and will bring help or auspicious blessings should be allowed to enter. In truth the Wua Tanu is a kind of ‘Hun Payont’ Golem, but in animal form, instead of Human. Instilled with powerful Anti Black Magic and Protective spells to prevent thieves, demons, sorcery and curses from entering the household or vicinity around them. The Wua Tanu also Possesses the Magical power to help attract Business, Gambling and Lottery success. They possess multiple powers, ranging from protection against black magick and deadly dangers, ward off enemies, and Seduce Others. Animist spirit assistants of this type work as a kind of invisible guardian and valet, who cares for your safety and well being, protecting and nourishing.

 

Using to make Holy Water (Nam Montr)

If you want to make Nam Montr to remove the power of magic from a person place or object, or to banish demons and spirits, or exorcise a person who is possessed, then you must make the Nam Montr in the same way as previously explained. But this time you need to use only one Wua Tanu. Then hold the Wua Tanu in your hands and enter Samadhi meditation, focusing as strongly as possible on the Merits of the Buddha.

Chant Na Mo Dtassa Pakawadto Arahadto Sammaa Samputtassa 3 times, and ask for the Power and grace of the Triple Gem the Angels and Deities and Brahmas, Kroo Ba Ajarn (your teachers), and the power of the Mythic Wua Tanu to make the prayer water powerful and endowed with the ability to remove all forms of black magic and evil influence (you can specify particular purposes if you wish to be more detailed in the function of the Nam Montr).

Once you have chanted the Kata of empowerment, you should breathe deeply inwards and blow three times on the Wua Tanu, and lower it into the Khan Nam Montr until it is submerged under the surface of the prayer water.

Then you can use the water for drinking, cleaning yourself and the like to remove any magic spells or unlucky influences. You can wear or carry the Wua Tanu with you, or put it in your vehicle as a protection from accidents of all kinds. If there are ever any visitations or experiences with contacting dark entities, all you need to do is dedicate some of the fruits of your merits to them, and think of Wua Tanu, and they will disappear.

Kata Wua Tanu

(always chant ‘Namo Dtassa pakawadto Arahadto Samputtassa 3 times before any other Kata)

Then Chant the Hnun Taat See (Invocation of the four elements)

Na Ma Na A – Nor Gor Na Ga – Gor Or Nor A – Na A Ga Ang (3 times)

Om Kono Kono Wua Tanu Gao Panwaa Saay Dtaa Gao Pan Muay Tiaw Plaay Duay Tuk Kam Chao Bpen Jao Gae Fhoong Phii Tang Hlaay Puudt Phii lae Phii Prai Chin Hai Dtaay Ya Hai La Thoi Ju Lai Ju Sitti Puttang Sitti Tammang Sitti Sangkang Sitti Swaaha Pa Ta Na Ma
Kata Wua Tanu Tong

Kata Wua Tanu Lanna

Om Kho No Kho No – Wua Tanoo Gao Pan Nork Saay Rort Gao Panwaa Saay Dtaa – Gao Pan Muay Tiaw Bpraay Duay Tuk Kam Shao Bpen Jao Gae Foong Phii Tang Hlaay – Phuudt Phii – Phii Prai Chon Hai Dtaay Yaa Dai Laa Thoy Joo Lai Joo Sitti Puttang Sitti Tammang Sitti Sangkang Sitti Swaaha

Call Back Kata

To call the Wua Tanu back to you after sending on Missions, use this Kata

NA MA PA TA MĀ NI MĀ MĀ ĒHI JONG MĀ

 

Pla Tapian Barbfish Amulet Woven Civara Monk Robe LP Rian (2)

A fascinating old amulet from circa 2500 BE made using origami like sacred geometry to create a lucky barbfish (Pla Tapian),for wealth attraction, good business and mercy charm. from Olden Days Master Monk LP Rian of Wat Bang Rahoeng.

In Thai Buddhism, the Civara Robe of a Buddhist Monk or a Guru Master is considered an extremely sacred blessing and devotees often ask their chosen Gurus (Kroo Ba Ajarn), for a piece of robe to pray to and be connected to their Guru Spiritually. The Robe itself is the fear of all Demons and Maras, and is hence a protection agains Black Magic too. An extremely rare and pristinely kept Pla Tapian origami Yantra spell woven from Jivara Monks Robes, in the form of a lucky Barbfish for Business Prosperity and Auspicious Blessings in the Household, one of the classic preferred amulets of the pantheon of Luang Phu Rian, Gaeji Ajarn Master Monk of Wat Bang Rahoeng, in Nontaburi.

Pla Tapian are extremely recommendable for Merchants, Salespersons and Business Owners, for their ability to increase good commerce and attract customers. One can see Pla Tapian fish talismans hanging in shops and places of business, market stalls and floating markets all over Thailand, which is a popular Animist Charm that has been used for many Centuries if not thousands of years. Some people keep them singly as an amulet or Bucha Item, others like to keep them in pairs (Pla Tapian Koo), and some Masters make them in both single and twin pair forms, the paired forms sometimes being silvered and gold in colour (Pla Tapian Ko Ngern-Tong)

Pla Tapian Barbfish Amulet Woven Civara Monk Robe LP Rian

Pla Tapian Barbfish Amulet Woven Civara Monk Robe LP Rian

The Pla Tapian Koo of Luang Phu Rian is famed for its Maha Lap Lucky Fortunes, Kaa Khaay Magic for increased Business Sales and Maha Pokasap Power to accumulate treasured possessions. The Pla Tapian Koo of Luang Pu Rian is one of the eminent and world famous members of the Tamniab Pra Niyom of the Samakom Pra Krueang Thai, in the category of Krueang Rang Talismanic Charms, as well as in the Category of ‘Pra Kanajarn Nontaburi’ (Nontaburi Province) Guru Monk amulets.

 

The Pla Tapian has been formed using the Jivara robe of LP Rian, with Origami style knotwork resulting in the beautiful Pla Tapian we see before us. the incantations of the Kata Riak Tat See calling of the 4 elements, Kata Hnun Tat 4 turning of the 4 elements and the Kata Pluk Tat See Invocation and Ranimation of the 4 elements in three dimensional reality. The Kata Akarn 32 was performed to invoke life into the inanimate form of the Pla Tapian barbfish

The Pla Tapian Koo spell is both Maha Lap Wealthy Fortunes Magic, Kaa Khaay for Good Business, and also Maha Sanaeh and Metta Mahaniyom Seductive Mercy Charm, which attracts customers and even the opposite sex. Prosperity and Fertility are hence both powerful forces within the Pla Tapian amulet.

Luang Phu Rian of Wat Bang Rahoeng

Luang Phu Rian of Wat Bang Rahoeng

Luang Phu Rian was extremely famous for his Takrut, Bia Gae, and Pla Tapian Koo fish amulets, and his Monk Coins. He was especially favoured for his Pla Tapian lucky fish, which he would make in Origami style fashion from folded silver Yantra Foils. Luang phu Rian was also highly reputed for his Bailan parchment scroll spells, with porotective powers.

The Pla Tapian Koo, is along with the famous Takrut Bailan Pitsamorn, one of Luang Phu Rian’s most popular amulets from his large repository of Wicha, and is a very rare artifact to encounter in the present day and age. Highly regarded for its powerful Mercy Charm and Power to Attract of Prosperity. The Pla Tapian amulets have also become famous over the decades for their ability to bring people out of poverty and lead them to success. Very popular with small traders, market salespersons and also with large business establishments. Thai-Chinese Folk are also very reverent of the Pla Tapian Koo silver-goldfish Animist charm. Use to hang or place in a frame or wear in your place of business and your pleasure haunts too, to attract customers, admirers, employers and helpfulness.

 

One can easily say that the Pla Tapian Animist Charm Yantra Foil spell of Luang Phu Rian, is an all time Classic Pra Niyom amulet of great fame and esteem, and an amulet that most fans of ancient amulets will have heard of more than once. It is not possible to spend years studying, loving and collecting amulets withough encountering mention opf Luang Phu Rian and his Takrut Pitsamorn. In short, an extremely well known amulet, that is very rare to find, but very much desired.

 

Pla Tapian is a Sacred Fish that appears in Vedic legends. Pla Tapian are seen as very lucky fish and are related to a story about the Sacred bird Nok Garawaek, in a story where the Ruesi in the Deva world sent a Garawaek bird to retrieve a magical tome from a Pla Tapian fish. Pla Tapian have been used as lucky charms since centures by both Thai and Chinese people.

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Kata Pla Tapian

Sappae Chanaa Pahu Chanaa Prahma Sivang Namaa Mi Hang Ehi Jidtang Biyang Ma Ma

 

Kata Pla Tapian Ngern Tong

Idti Puttassa Suwannangwaa Rachadtangwaa Maniinaa Wadt Thang Waa Bpach Chadtang Waa Aakaj Chandti Swaaha

(chant and blow into the Pla Tapian).

Kata for food offerings to the Pla Tapian;

Sappae Chanaa Pahu Chanaa Biyaa Yandti Aakaj Cheuya Aakaj Chaahi Aehi Aehi Jidt Dtang Bpiyang Ma Ma

Luang Phu Rian tells of his discovery of his Wicha Kong Grapan Chadtri Klaew Klaad, when he was still a young boy. he was with six of his friends, who decided to go and chase off a group of twenty workers who had come from another province to harvest rice in the fields. So Luang Phu Rian cast some spells to make his gang invincible, and they set out to find the strangers. It turned out that, despite being only seven of them, they managed to chase off the twenty strangers even though they were attacked with large knives and were outnumbered, and that nobody had a scratch on them, even though their shirts were full of rips and holes from the knives of their enemies. He then realised that he possessed powerful magic when he cast spells, and decided to use his powers to develop Wicha.

Luang Phu Rian was Ordained into the Sangha on 1st July in the year 2470 BE, at Wat Khwan Mueang in Bang Grang, Nontaburi, with Pra Kroo Chum of Wat Pracha Rangsan as his Upachaya Ordaining Officer.

After his Ordination, he went to study in Khon Kaen, and became very well studied and proficient in Dhamma, and attained his Masters Degree. After he received his Masters’ Degree, he traveled back to stay at Wat Khwan Mueang. After some time he decided to begin the practice of Tudong Solitary Forest Wandering, to meditate and practice Vipassana Kammathana Mindfulness methods in the forests and mountain caves.

 

Luang Phu Rian met a number of great Kroo Ba Ajarn with powerful Wicha, who bestowed their secrets upon him. He masters a great many Wicha, including his mysterious Takrut Pitsamorn. Luang Phu would distribute the Takrut to devotees whenever he would attend Buddhist Ceremonies and Blessings. Luang Phu was always invited to amulet blessing ceremonies to assist with his empowerments, along with his peers of the time. He was most often seen present with other colleagues who were great masters of the time, such as Luang Phu To of Wat Pradoo Chimplee, Luang Por Tong Yoo of Wat Mai Nong Pa Ong, Luang Phu Say of Wat Bang Rak Yai, and Luang Por Sud of Wat Ka Long.

 

Amulets of Luang Phu Rian

The most preferred and sought after amulets of Luang Phu Rian were his Takrut, especially his Takrut Pitsamorn, which became famous after he gave one to a young child to hand round his neck, and the child fell into the river which had a very strong current, but did not drown. His Takrut Tone are renowned for their Kong Grapan Chadtri power after a devotee was shot at point blank range repeatedly, and the devotee’s skin was not pierced, but his shirt was full of bulletholes.

The Takrut Jakkapat of Luang Phu Rian became very famous after a Malaysian Devotee who wore one was attacked by somebody with a long sharp rubber tree cutting knife. The devotee’s shirt was ripped to shreds from the blade, but his skin was completely unharmed. It was stories like these which caused Luang Phu Rians many forms of Takrut amulets to become talked about around Thailand and Southeast Asia. Amongst his most famous Wicha takrut are the following’ Takrut Tone, 2. Takrut Pitsamorn Lek, 3. Takrut Pistamorn 19, 4. Takrut Klaew Klaad, 5. Takrut Sariga, 6. Takrut Jakkapat, 7. Takrut Sam Kasat, 8. Takrut Maha Ud, 9. Takrut Pokasap, 10. Takrut Hua Jai 108

Other famous amulets of Luang Phu Rian are; 1. Pra Kring – Chaiyawat 2523 BE, 2. Pra Kring – Chaiyawat 2527 BE, 3. Pra Roop Muean 2522, and 2527 BE, 4. 1st Edition Coin (Rian Run Raek) 2516 BE, 5. 2nd Edition Coin (Rian Run Sorng) 2521 BE, 3rd and 4th Edition Coin (Rian Run Sam, Run See), 5. Pra Nakprok Bai Makham 2528 BE, 6. Fifth (and final) Edition Coin (Rian Run Sud Tai) 2531 BE, 7. Various Muan Sarn Sacred Powders Amulets, especially Pra Pid Ta, 8. Many forms of Takrut and other Talismanic Charms, like Bia Gae, Mitmor, Pla Tapian Fish, Look Om, and Takrut.

Luang Phu Rian lived a life free of illnesses and afflictions, until the end of his life, when in the year 2531 BE, on the 17th April 2531 BE, he fell ill and was taken to hospital. On the 27th April 2531 BE, he passed away peacefully at the age of 92, after 62 years of ordained life in the Sangha.

About Pla Tapian

Pla Tapian is a Sacred Fish that appears in Vedic legends. Pla Tapian are seen as very lucky fish and are related to a story about the Sacred bird Nok Garawaek, in a story where the Ruesi in the Deva world sent a Garawaek bird to retrieve a magical tome from a Pla Tapian fish. Pla Tapian have been used as lucky charms since centures by both Thai and Chinese people.

Kata for empowerment of the Yant Pla Tapian;

Idti Puttassa Suwannangwaa Rachadtangwaa Maniinaa Wadt Thang Waa Bpach Chadtang Waa Aakaj Chandti Swaaha

(chant and blow into the Pla Tapian).

 

Kata for chanting when making food offerings to the Pla Tapian;

Sappae Chanaa Pahu Chanaa Biyaa Yandti Aakaj Cheuya Aakaj Chaahi Aehi Aehi Jidt Dtang Bpiyang Ma Ma

Offerings;

• One candle of one baht in weight (archaic Thai measuring system – one baht is equal to about 15.16 Grams)

• One candle of one salerng in weight (four salerng make one baht).

• One white Lotus flower or other white flowers

• 6 Baht (or cents or whatever your monetary coins are) in separate coins for the “Ka Bucha Kroo”

Place these on a tray as a ‘Pan Kroo’ for offerings when performing Bucha